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Definition - What does Electrogoniometer mean?

An electrogoniometer is an electrical device used to assess the flexibility and mobility of a joint. It follows angular positions through distinctive planes of motion via topical attachments located at various joints of the body for monitoring transduction, the conversion of voltage signals, in response to dynamic movements. Two main types of electrogoniometers include potentiometers and strain gauges, devices for measuring the axial rotation of a joint providing biofeedback on the range of motion (ROM).

SureHire explains Electrogoniometer

The utility of electrogoniometers contributes to diagnostic procedures in which patients who are candidates for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) become susceptible to debilitating joint impairments with the potential of permanent disability. In rehabilitation settings, the application of electrogoniometers can provide accurate test results for physical therapists and ergonomic specialists when making the comparative analysis of the extent of damage of an affected joint against baseline standards for improvement. Many electrogoniometer models feature digital sensors (i.e., strain gauges) that conform to the dimensional space of the axis characteristic of a particular joint in the facility of biomechanical movements to promote accuracy.

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are a prevalent health issue for employers, imposing financial downturns due to worker's compensation claims resulting in marked productivity loss. Common MSD disorders can include carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), epicondylitis, muscle sprains, and tendinitis, often resulting from awkward postures or stances, repetitive motions, and heavy workloads that compromise joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and tendons. A synergistic approach between employers and their workforce in coordinating, developing, and implementing ergonomic control measures to target occupational hazards and advocate job modifications can help offset the incidence rate of MSD-related cases.

Ergonomic specialists can assist individuals with physical impairments or disabilities by employing electrogoniometers to chart the progress of a joint in a recuperative phase, weighing the ROM metrics in tandem with essential job functions. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets a precedent for recognizing health and safety policies that serve the dual benefit of protecting workers against a hazardous environment and employers from substantial liability claims.

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