Definition - What does Job Training Partnership Act mean?
The Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) was a federal law enacted in 1982. The JTPA made use of federal funding, along with state and private participation, to provide employment training and other vocational services to disadvantaged sectors of the population. One of the purposes of the JTPA was to assist individual workers displaced by technological advances and shifts in employment trends. Under the JTPA, programs for migrant and displaced workers, youth and young adults, as well as the disabled and veterans, were funded and implemented.
SureHire explains Job Training Partnership Act
The Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) was far-reaching. The act served as a foundation for multi-state efforts and private-public employment initiatives. Beyond just providing vocational training, the JTPA sponsored programs that provided career counseling, remedial education, general employment training, and programs to assist specific minority or disadvantaged groups. In particular, the JTPA provided summer training programs for teens and school-to-work training for young adults entering the workforce for the first time.
In 1988, the JTPA was repealed and replaced with the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). The WIA marked a shift away from individual and individualized employment assistance programs and toward consolidated service centers and a focus on economic development.