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Definition - What does Pathogen mean?

A pathogen is a microbe characterized by four subtypes including bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses. It carries an epidemiological health risk by infiltration of its host, infection, mutation, and transmission to other individuals, compromising the immune system. Although microbial agents exist in the body, the production of antibodies reflects the immune response to neutralize pathogens that invade the system by airborne particles, physical contact with body excretions, and otherwise infected people.

SureHire explains Pathogen

The biosynthesis of pathogens relies on environmental hosts that enable them to thrive through a series of enzymatic processes that often alter, mimic, and destroy vital homeostatic molecules necessary to human survival. Remedial solutions are available; for example, antibiotics can help treat bacterial infections. However, the proliferation of some strains develop resistance to serums presenting systemic complications based on the pathogenic type. A range of pathogens exists based on the preceding subtypes, including but not limited to the health conditions that follow: bacterial meningitis, strep throat, tuberculosis, thrush, ringworm, fungal nail infections (onychomycosis), malaria, hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E), and influenza.

Many occupations in the medical field, for example, carry heightened risk to bloodborne pathogens where essential job tasks require manipulating sharp instruments where injuries that break the skin serve as an entry point for antigens. An exposure control plan covers engineering and safe protocol measures by adopting the use of personal protective equipment (PPE), consistent training, and regular vaccinations per article 29 CFR. 1910. 1030., regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Maintaining good hygiene is a crucial step in limiting or preventing the risk of exposure to pathogens in areas or locations where sanitation is below par, making employees susceptible to contracting bloodborne diseases.

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